The impact of the EU Taxonomy : A Qualitative Study Exploring the Impact of the EU Taxonomy on Actively Managed Sustainable Funds in the Swedish Market
Sammanfattning: The European Union (EU) is attempting to steer capital towards environmentally friendly investments by implementing a new classification system for sustainable investments, the EU Taxonomy. However, the classification system may be ineffective in countries such as Sweden where similar systems already exist. This thesis attempts to understand the effects of the EU system in Sweden by investigating how the investment strategies of actively managed sustainable funds in the Swedish markets are affected. First, the EU Taxonomy was compared to a selection of existing systems for sustainable investments commonly used by sustainable funds in the Swedish markets. The comparison was conducted with respect to six aspects: environmental, social, governance, general, ethical and design. Second, fourteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with employees from various fund companies that manage the targeted funds. The comparison showed that the EU Taxonomy differs greatly from the existing systems. The most significant dissimilarities are that (1) the EU Taxonomy is more extensive in the environmental aspect and that (2) the EU system requires the fund companies to conduct more voluminous compliance work. The interview results displayed that (1) the fund companies are generally positive towards the implementation of the EU Taxonomy, (2) they might struggle to conduct the compliance work and (3) the demand from the funds' investors will be a crucial factor for the success of the classification system. The authors concluded that the new classification system has a substantial potential of being effective among actively managed sustainable funds in the Swedish markets. Yet, it is highly dependent on the demand from the funds' investors and on third-party data providers that can facilitate the compliance work. The expected effects are naturally that the funds adjust their investment strategies in line with six environmental objectives defined in the EU Taxonomy.
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