ATT KÄMPA I DET TYSTA FASTÄN DET ALDRIG ÄR TYST En enkätundersökning om vuxnas erfarenheter av att söka vård för tinnitus via vårdcentral

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi

Sammanfattning: Background: There are large variations in access to different interventions for individualswith tinnitus in Sweden. Several international studies indicate that patients seeking care fortinnitus are often dissatisfied with the treatment provided by healthcare providers.Aim: The aim of the study was to illuminate the experiences of adults seeking care fortinnitus in primary care units, and to investigate whether there are differences based on sex orage.Research method: A web-based survey was distributed on two closed Facebook groupsoffering support for people with tinnitus. The study population consisted of 83 adults withtinnitus, of which 70% were female. Statistical analyses were made on the basis of sex andage group. Free-text responses were compiled and coded into different categories.Results: 87% of the respondents had sought help at a primary care unit for their tinnitus. Themajority felt that they had not been taken seriously and that there was a lack of knowledgeamongst healthcare staff. 86% of the respondents were referred to a specialist and astatistically significant relationship (p=0,048) was seen between age and being referred. Theneed for improvement was seen in the areas of treatment, knowledge, information and tinnitusmanagement.Conclusion: The results of the study can not be generalised to the general population becauseof the low response rate. However, the results give indications that several areas of tinnituscare are perceived as lacking in quality and that improvements are desired in a number ofdifferent areas in order for the care of tinnitus patients to become more acceptable, uniformand equal across the country. National guidelines could show the way for the primary careunits and healthcare professionals who meet individuals with tinnitus.

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