Individuellt företagande bland personer med utländsk bakgrund i Stockholms stad.

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet / Institutionen för ekonomi och samhälle

Författare: Marco Holthe Gerhard; [2018-12-19]

Nyckelord: Ensamföretagande; utländsk bakgrund; segregation;

Sammanfattning: The issue of different forms of employment in Sweden has become particularly relevant in recentyears. One of the most important reasons is the situation for the ever-increasing proportion ofpersons with a foreign background. The share of individuals employed is significantly lower amongpeople with a foreign background than for those with a Swedish background. Differences inemployment rates between persons with foreign and Swedish backgrounds contribute tosocioeconomic inequality which, in turn, can contribute to increased segregation. Self-employmentin the form of private companies or limited companies without employees can be an alternative tobeing an employee and may be of particular interest to persons with a foreign background in termsof their employment.The driving forces behind starting and running a business can be very different depending upon anumber of factors. These factors can among other things be connected to either positive or negativeindividual motives, differing market conditions, or incentives carried out by government orinstitutions. Much of the focus of this paper is on the various driving forces that can contribute tothe decision to start and run a small business, especially for people with a foreign background.This paper takes a quantitative approach to the spatial distribution of entrepreneurship in the formof private business or limited companies without employees of persons with a foreign backgroundin the city districts of Stockholm. The study consists of two bivariate regression analyses of therespective types of companies in relation to the proportion of residents with a foreign background intheir respective districts. As a background, a number of theories about driving forces are alsostudied. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the proportion ofresidents with a foreign background and the proportion of residents running their own smallbusinesses without employees. In addition to the distribution of the proportion of individuals withforeign backgrounds as well as the proportion of small businesses without employees in andbetween the various district areas, the question is also discussed whether differences in theproportion of individual companies can be explained by differences in the proportion of personswith a foreign background.The results show that there is no significant correlation between the proportion of persons with aforeign background and the frequency of private companies. On the other hand, the relationship oflimited companies without employees to the proportion of individuals with a foreign background isstatistically significant and shows that, in the case of an increased proportion of persons with aforeign background, there is a reduction in the proportion of limited companies without employees.

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