Arktiska rådet - Ett samarbete i Antropocen : En kritisk innehållsanalys av arktiska strategidokument

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen; Uppsala universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Sammanfattning: Presently the Arctic is characterized by climate change. The melting ice masses have also led to changed geopolitical conditions that act and drive the region towards an unpredictable outcome. This change sheds light on the actors in the Arctic Council (AC) and their ability to cooperate. This bachelor thesis uses content analysis to analyse Arctic strategy documents from Russia, China and the EU on how they see the problems arising in the Arctic and how they plan to combat these, in a comparison with strategy documents from the AC. With Carol Lee Bacchis post-structuralist approach and her framework What is the problem represented to be? (WPR) the thesis examines problem representations in the strategy documents. By doing so, this study is filling a research gap of policies in the AC as well as the basis for cooperation in the AC. The comparison between the actors and the AC’s problem representations shows that the three actors both have similarities and differences compared to the AC, and they all have uniting and divisive content. The thesis determines AC as an important forum for maintaining diplomatic problem solving, protection for the environment, sustainable societies and stability in the area. The analysis has also identified certain themes where the basis for cooperation exists: the environment as a whole, economic growth in terms of transport and fisheries. The study also shows challenges in terms of AR's relevance. Russia's national focus and China as an important and increasingly important player. These actors can be both environmental culprits or powerful co-players. The thesis also shows that the EU can act as a potential regulatory power.

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