Hållbarhetsredovisning - En studie utifrån ett intressentperepektiv

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Högskolan i Halmstad/Akademin för företagande, innovation och hållbarhet

Sammanfattning: AbstractThroughout the world today, there is unquestionably, an increasing interest surrounding issuesconcerning sustainability, and this has in turn led to new discussions regarding the developmentof sustainability reporting. It is mandatory in Sweden for example, for companies which meetcertain criteria set by the ÅRL, to prepare reports on sustainability, including a compulsoryannual summary. But currently there exists no global guidelines for these reports, andcompanies worldwide have been making such reports in different ways and with differentmethods with no clear standards, which in turn can create confusion and ambiguity forstakeholders and investors. Therefore, IASB along with IFRS Foundation as a frontrunnerpresented a Consultation Paper with proposals for developing and streamlining globalsustainability reporting. They requested company stakeholders to respond to these ideas via CLwhich were designed with carefully targeted questions to best conclude what they thought ofthe proposals. The culmination of completed CL provides empirical and invaluable evidencewhich can then be used to accelerate and thus make it easier to establish the aforementionedproposals.The purpose of the study is to examine the attitudes regarding the suggested sustainabilityreporting proposals, and to analyze the ways in which the attitudes vary between the differentgroups of stakeholders. The study is also to clarify where organizations stand regardingsustainability in relation to their stakeholders and investors, as well as globally, and if patternsin their attitudes can be discovered.The result of the study shows that most of the represented stakeholders show a positive responseto the IFRS Foundations propositions regarding an update of the reporting on sustainability.However, it has also highlighted some negative responses to each question, but on the wholethose opinions were underrepresented. To summarize, most of the CL analyzed show apredominantly favorable response to a global standard concerning sustainability reporting andthe majority have agreed that its right that the IFRS Foundation have the leading role in thismatter. It also stands clear after analysis that several stakeholders think that it is advisable thatthe main focus should be on the financial reports within sustainability and that it should bepublic.The study concludes that several patterns can be found within the stakeholder’s attitudes.Including the consensus that developing better sustainability reporting is an urgent matter thatdemands more attention. These empirical findings lead to the conclusion that the majority feelthat sustainability reporting should take a wider perspective and not only focus on the financialrisks within sustainability. Although they collectively accept that the financial implications area good place to start discussions regarding interests globally. Several stakeholders also pointout that without increased guidelines and rules for generic reporting, that information can bemanipulated or used disingenuously to embellish a company’s actions regarding sustainability.They therefore suggest that the reporting should be made public to alleviate the risk of problemssuch as greenwashing.To summarize, the stakeholder’s interests can both be united or divided, regardless of whichindustry they operate in. But what does, without question, unite them the most in this study, isthe understanding and willingness to make changes for the future with regard to sustainabilityin both social, economic and environment matters. 

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