Svensk industri på en europeisk elmarknad
Sammanfattning: The European electricity market is changing together with new EU strategies to address climate change, become climate neutral until 2050 and meet the needs for secure and efficient energy trade. The European market is not yet integrated, and prices tend to differ between regions. This study aims to examine the European energy strategy and to find how market integration, electricity prices and taxation affect the energy intensive industries’ competitiveness and the demand for electricity. Previous research studies with quantitative and qualitative empirical data regarding electricity price, price convergence and price elasticity is used to examine this. The results show that market integration, electricity price and taxation have both positive and negative effects for the Swedish energy intensive industry. The overall conclusion from the empirical analysis is that the EU electricity market does not meet the objectives for security and efficiency, which is affected by capacity and planning for electricity sources and by infrastructure and market coupling.
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