Samordnad Varudistribution : effekterna av en förändrad distributionsstrategi av livsmedel i Umeå kommun
Sammanfattning: That the environmental issue is on the agenda today has hardly escaped anyone. The emissions that we humans cause affect the climate, in the form of greenhouse gases but also elevated levels of hazardous particles and high levels of noise. The biggest causes of greenhouse gas emissions in Sweden are due to road transport. In accordance with the Paris agreement that Sweden has signed, we must reduce emissions from transport by 8% each year to reach the target by 2030. The municipal transport is an area where efforts are being made today to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. One way to proceed is to make use of coordinated distribution of goods, as the municipality uses a distribution center where goods are delivered together. The purpose of this study is to show how coordinated distribution of goods can affect the environmental and local trade from a municipality's perspective. The goal is to make compilations for the environmental impact this distribution method can have, in order for a municipality to be able to see the potential affect this can obtain. In addition, the work should provide an understanding of how local trade can be affected by co-distribution. To investigate this, we have built up a theoretical framework, focused on the basics of logistics, distribution strategies, environment, and the public procurement act (LOU, 2016: 1145). Then we have studied a good example of a municipality that implemented coordinated product distribution, where we have used existing data. We have then compared this information to a commune that does not use the distribution strategy today, to see what effects it could have if a municipality implemented it. To obtain information about the municipality, we conducted a qualitative interview with the municipality's purchasing manager. With this we have been able to answer the study's problem statement: How can coordinated distribution of food products affect the environment, transport and competition in the municipality of Umeå? The results of the study show that a coordinated distribution of food in Umeå municipality can reduce the number of transports and the amount of emissions. Furthermore, there are indications that this distribution strategy enables small local manufacturers to participate in procurement and to be awarded contracts.
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