Compassionfokuserad psykoterapi- en studie av en manualbaserad gruppterapis effekt på grad av självmedkänsla hos en klinisk population

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Institutionen för psykologi

Sammanfattning: The purpose of this study was to examine how the outcome of self-compassion changed in a trans-diagnostic population who underwent Compassion-Focused Therapy treatment (CFT) in a group-setting. The core skill training in CFT is Compassionate Mind Training (CMT) 43 patients, mean age 40 years old, and std 11,4 divided into 7 groups were included, with 12-14 sessions each, age range 18-70 years received treatment according to CFT. The design was non-controlled and non randomised. Primary outcome was change in the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), while secondary outcomes were the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (AAQ-2), Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Assessment (GAD-7) and Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), from baseline. Patients showed a substantial and statistically significant increase (effect-size d = 1,02) on the SCS. In addition, strong effect was seen on the AAQ-2, while regarding PHQ-9 and functional level moderate effect sizes were seen. The results of anxiety were significant with small effect-size. The study confirms the hypothesis that treatment with CFT gives significant results with great effect-size on self-reported self-compassion.

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