Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter kring omvårdnaden av människor med demenssjukdom

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Högskolan i Gävle/Med-Vårdvetenskap; Högskolan i Gävle/Med-Vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: In Sweden there are approximately 130 000 to 150 000 people suffering from dementia and according to research this number may double by the year 2050. Dementia is a chronic disorder meaning it is irreversible and those suffering from dementia will deteriorate with time, therefore patients often need specialist care. Knowledge and experience within the field of the various dementia disorders is necessary to provide effective care and ensure quality of life for these patients. According to patients, and relatives of those suffering, the quality of care depends on the relationship between the nurse and patient, and whether nurses have specialist training in dementia care and person centred care (PCC). Aim: The aim of this literature study is to describe nurses' experience of caring for people with dementia. Method: A literature study with descriptive design was conducted based on twelve scientific articles from three different databases: PubMed, Cinahl and PsycINFO. Main results: Through thematic analysing of the twelve chosen scientific articles three main headings emerged along with eight subheadings describing nurses experiences of caring for people with dementia. Theme number one described the importance of individual care in terms of examination, communication, activities and environmental factors. Theme number two focused on relationships that according to the nurses affected the quality of care they provided for the patients. The third theme described nurses' experiences of how resources such as further education as well as better organisation of work and staffing affected their quality of care for patients suffering from dementia. Conclusion: The literature study shows that nurses within dementia care need further education and practical experience to deliver good quality PCC. To make this possible well organised staffing and work structuring from a higher level of management is necessary to create a secure and caring environment where both nurses and patients are satisfied.

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