En riktigt skön comeback : En studie om elevers uppfattningar av omständigheter som leder fram till och upprätthåller skolfrånvaro och skolnärvaro

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Stockholms universitet/Specialpedagogiska institutionen; Stockholms universitet/Specialpedagogiska institutionen

Sammanfattning: The aim for the study is to identify high school students’ perceptions of absenteeism. More specific the aim is to investigate their perceptions of the situations before, during and after the time they were absent. The chosen method for the study is phenomenography which includes qualitative semi-structured interviews. Six students currently in secondary school with a background of absenteeism have been interviewed. The interviews have been analyzed with an eight-step approach. The result of the study presents young students perceptions of circumstances that lead to and sustain their school absence and their return to school attendance. The findings in the analysis show that the informants perceive mental illness as a circumstance with major impact on leading to and sustaining school absence among the students. The mental illness is related to the students’ perceptions of social circumstances in and/or outside school and unmet needs in relation to school success. The perceptions of the circumstances that lead to and sustain attendance were related to a better mental health. Mental health was affected positively mainly by the circumstances related to social relationships and by the adaptations in the learning environment. However, the informants did not perceive better mental health as a key circumstance as explicitly as mental illness. 

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