Energikrav i upphandling av bygg- och anläggningsprojekt
The building and plant sectors represent a large part of Sweden’s energy use. Putting energy requirements in public procurement as a tool for reducing energy consumption in the building and plant sectors is therefor an opportunity that operators can take advantage of. The aim of this thesis was to map the energy requirements in procurement that operators in the public sector use today in building and plant projects. The analysis was made with respect to if the energy requirements corresponded to the parts with large energy use in building and plant projects and also in which way energy requirements in procurement are written in the contract. From the mapping were also good examples further investigated to serve as recommendations to operators who want to develop their work with energy requirements in procurement.
The study show that participants in the building sector use the greatest number of energy requirements in the operational phase of the building, which studies have shown to be the phase with greatest energy use. The plant sector uses most energy requirements for fuel, vehicles and machinery used in the construction phase. Building materials are also a major energy user in both sectors, but neither of them has energy requirements for that. Both sectors consider more requirements on the service that the contractor shall perform than on the contractor. The study also shows that efforts to make sure that the requirements are fulfilled are a critical point where there are major flaws today. The best operators identified in case studies are Dalarna County, Akademiska Hus, Transport Administration and Tyreso municipality. Based on the mapping, these operators all proved to have distinctive energy requirements or working method with energy requirements in contracts.
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