Has the gate keeper state persevered? : A case study of Tanzania

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Författare: Elin Dellås; [2015]

Nyckelord: ;

Sammanfattning:

Despite success stories democracy and development has been struggling in Africa, and colonialism is a contributing factor to that. The aim of this thesis is to examine if this colonial legacy is still intact, which has been done by applying the gatekeeper theory by Frederick Cooper to Tanzania, resulting in the question: Is Tanzania still a gatekeeper state? The gatekeeper state theory concerns how the colonial legacy shaped the countries of Africa and explains the gatekeeper state as being centred on the gate, the intersection between external and internal, where the power is generally centralized and struggle over it is extensive. To conduct the analysis I have extracted three central aspects of this theory, the centralization of power, the centralization on the gate and the struggle over the gate and applied them to Tanzania through a text-analysis, using reports on the economy and governance of the country. The results gathered determine that Tanzania lives up to two of the three criteria, however due to the high degree of centralization of power on the gate, and the other possible factors that contributed to the lack of struggle, I still determine Tanzania to occupy by the structures of a gatekeeper state. 

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