“Jobbar man här skall man klara av det” - En kvalitativ studie om sexuella trakasserier på den svenska arbetsmarknaden
Sammanfattning: Sexual harassment in the workplace is a common problem. According to the Swedish WorkEnvironment Authority, almost one-tenth of the workers have been subjected to sexualharassment within the Swedish labor market. Autumn of 2017 was the beginning of the #Metoomovement, aiming to highlight sexual harassment and abuse at work and in other contexts. The#Metoo movement quickly gained a big presence in Swedish media and everyday life andbrought a drastic change to the civil discourse of sexual harassment.This study aims to examine how sexual harassment takes place within the Swedish labormarket. It highlights the underlying support mechanisms within organizations that foster anenvironment in which sexual harassment is made possible. This study also pinpoints who theharasser is in relation to the victims, and within what context the acts take place. The study isbased on qualitative semi-structured interviews with a total of seven respondents across fiveindustries. The objective of these interviews was to examine the respondents’ own experiencesof sexual harassment as well as how they perceived the culture and conditions of their workorganizations.In our sample the harassers were exclusively men, while the victims were both male and female.The analysis shows how a majority of the harassments take place in group environments, wherethe actions form part of a normative behavior within the organizations. The act is then part of aculture of heteronormative “joking”. This study shows power-dynamics as a central cause tosexual harassment. However, the act of sexual harassment is not only performed by managers.Sexual harassment performed by subordinates and colleagues are more common in our study,where the harasser aims to redistribute the existing power dynamics.An organization’s culture, gender order, and hegemonic ideals become the framework for theorganization’s norms. These norms influence how employees and managers act in order to gainstatus within the group and the organization. The managers seem to have a lack of tools tocounteract these norms without losing their legitimacy. This seems to be a major reason whythe norms that cause sexual harassment are maintained.
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