Positioning and parking analysis for an indoor positioning system : A comparative study between Bluetooth Low Energy and Ultra Wideband technology

Detta är en M1-uppsats från KTH/Hälsoinformatik och logistik

Sammanfattning: The work done in this report as requested by H&D Wireless is performed by using an already developed real time positioning system called Griffin Enterprise Positioning Service and integratingit with ultrasound sensors for presence detection in order to enable assets to park in a visualized environment being actualized by tagging the asset with radio technology hardware. The testing environment was deployed with radio technology hardware equipped for transmitting and receiving radio signals for position estimation of tagged objects where hardware tags emits radio signals being received by sensing radio technology chips called sensepoints which also serves as communication links for further data processing.The thesis focus is on evaluating how different radio technologies combined with different positioning techniques perform in terms of accuracy and precision in positioning tests to assess eachones positioning performance characteristic and the technologies upsides and downsides.This was firstly evaluated by comparing three different technology positioning techniques based on one for Bluetooth Low Energy and two using Ultra Wideband technology being subject to generic tests including a static, dynamic and a walking positioning test for each technology.These initial tests were utilized as a foreground to evaluate which of the two positioning techniques based on Ultra Wideband technology that would compete in the parking tests alongside Bluetooth Low Energy that would serve as the primary objective to accomplish in the thesis.A final implication on parking tags between the two technologies is that Bluetooth Low Energy had to be implemented with higher requirement restrictions for parking due to insufficient relative accuracy and precision in parking positioning which also limited its ability to be parked in alternative manners explored but with power efficiency as a highly valuable aspect for consideration of this technology. Parking tag using Ultra Wideband technology proved highly successful as it saw large distance margins to be allowed parking in all test cases as well as exhibiting sufficient positioning performance to be considered for alternative parking methods without risk of exposure for failed attempts of parking.

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