Blandar människor ihop kompetensrelaterad och personlighetsrelaterad information vid bedömning av andra?

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Lunds universitet/Institutionen för psykologi

Sammanfattning: There is disagreement in the personality research-field whether competence and personality should be separate concepts. Bäckström et al. (2020) showed that people could separate items relating to frequency of behavior (personality) from items relating to quality of behavior (competence). We looked at how the amount of competence-related information, when describing people's characteristics, affected the perception of competence in different domains. We also examined the halo-effect in relation to the Big Five traits and their corresponding competencies. The first hypothesis was that people could differentiate between personality- and competence-information when assessing others. Hypothesis two was that the halo-effect would exist across different competence domains when people were described as more competent. Students (N = 176) filled out a survey where they were asked to read vignettes containing different personality items from well-known personality tests (conscientiousness, openness, and extraversion were included) and with different amounts of competence information. They then rated the person's competence in three domains (self-management, innovation, and social ability) and how confident they felt about their rating. It was found that the participants' competence ratings were higher and spread more to other competence-domains if they received information that was distinctive for competence than if they received information that was distinctive for personality. The participants felt more confident about their ratings when they received more competence information. The result provided additional support that personality and competence can be distinguished. The discussion highlighted that these concepts could benefit from being measured separately.

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