Familjeklimat: en validering

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Socialhögskolan

Sammanfattning: In an attempt to make social work evidence based, the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare, has recommended the use of standardized methods. As there are very few instruments that are defined as standardized, we decided to compile studies made with the "Family Climate self-rating scale", FCS, that is used by the profession, although not yet validated. We were looking for conformity in results and functionality in family treatment. FCS comprises a list of 85 adjectives to reflect different aspects of the emotional atmosphere in the family. It has been used since the late 80´s and there has been no attempt to compile results of using the instrument, until now. By searching in databases and libraries we found 20 Swedish studies using the instrument, which we compared to each other. The main focus was to investigate if it is possible, with FCS, to diagnose different kinds of groups, and if it is useful for evaluation. Our study showed that there is coherence in the results. They showed two kinds of profiles that demonstrate functional or dysfunctional patterns as well as the grade of dysfunctionality. The comparison also showed that the instrument is useful for evaluating an intervention, as it shows significant differences in pre- and posttest. The overall impression is that FCS is useful in family treatment, and it adheres to the requirement of standardized methods.

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