HÖRSELVÅRDENS MOTTAGANDE AV DÖVA NYANLÄNDA BARN OCH UNGDOMAR
Sammanfattning: Purpose: The purpose of this interview study is to investigate how deaf migrant children/ adolescents and their families are received by hearing teams for children and youth within the hearing services in a Swedish region called Västra Götaland. The aim is also to get a clearer picture of what their need for support looks like.Method: The study is based on semi-structured interviews with hearing educators at two different hearing teams. The interviews were recorded with a dictaphone, transcribed and then processed through thematic analysis. Result: The result shows that the group of migrant deaf children/adolescents who meets a hearing team is heterogeneous and relatively small. As many in the group have more disabilities than deafness, and also need different types of support, the hearing team collaborates with several different authorities and healthcare support. Most children/ adolescents lack a developed language, but they have usually, together with family, created some form of communication based on gesticulations. Children/adolescents are usually motivated to learn Swedish sign language but access to a sign language environment differs significantly depending on where the family is located.Conclusion: The older the children are when arriving, the more challenging is the work with deaf migrants because most older children/adolescents lack a developed language and also because the opportunity for auditory stimulation becomes more difficult the longer the child is without. Some families find it difficult to prioritize the child's/adolescents language development because the situation as a new arrived tends to give rise to even more urgent needs. However, the results do not show that parents have a negative attitude to sign language or deaf school, which previous research has shown. Prerequisites for deaf people, with regard to, for example, school form differ across the country. In order to ensure equal living conditions, migrant families with deaf children/adolescents need to be able to be placed in a city with good sign language resources.
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