The Interaction of Oil and Polymer in the Microporous Polyethylene Film when using a Thermally Induced Phase Separation Process

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från KTH/Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH)

Sammanfattning: The battery separator is a component of the conventional battery that for long has been overlooked. Just because it’s the only inactive component, doesn’t mean it’s any less important for the battery cell. Recent trends point to an immense growth of the electrical vehicle-industry, and by so, also the lithium-ion battery separators market. This is because the lithium-ion battery is the most common battery type in commercial electrical vehicles. In one of the major manufacturing processes of the separator, mineral oil is used, to achieve a porous film. This study aims to evaluate different oils interaction with the polymer resin in the manufacturing process. Since most oils used in the battery separator industry today use paraffin rich oils, oils with different naphthenic content is tested to find correlations between the oils properties and the crystallinity or the porosity. No correlations for either the porosity or the crystallinity could be made to the oil’s properties. The images taken with the SEM was not enhanced enough to study the pores themselves or the pore structure of the films. For future studies it is recommended to collect more data to identify outliers so more accurate values are obtained. The methodology needs to be verified to ensure the procedure is reproducible. For the study of the pores and the pore structure, an FE-SEM should be used to achieve greater quality enhancement images on the surface of the films.

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