Hälsoeffekter av en klimatskatt på nötkött i Sverige - En analys av påverkan på förekomsten av kolorektalcancer i Sverige

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Miljövetenskaplig utbildning

Sammanfattning: Consumption of red and processed meat has been found to effect human health and especially the occurrence of colorectal cancer. At the same time cattle farming and production of beef have been shown to severely effect the environment and particularly the climate. Taxation of beef could be an instrument to decrease the greenhouse gas emissions from the production of beef, but due to high transition costs and difficulties in measuring emissions a tax would have to be implemented on consumption level instead of production level. The objective of such a tax would to decrease the consumption of beef and since beef consumption affects the risk of colorectal cancer a tax on beef could potentially affect the occurrence of colorectal cancer. The aim of this study was to examine if a consumption tax on beef in Sweden would affect the occurrence of colorectal cancer, and if so to what extent. The results show that a climate tax on beef could decrease the risk of colorectal cancer for women and men with 1,22% and 1,92% respectively. Further the results show that the tax could reduce the number of cases of colorectal cancer in Sweden with 111. The results indicate that a climate tax on beef would decrease the occurrence of colorectal cancer and, thus, be beneficial from a health perspective.

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