Är det ens möjligt? : En essä om lika villkor i förskolan.

Detta är en Magister-uppsats från Södertörns högskola/Centrum för praktisk kunskap

Sammanfattning: This essay starts with a story about the children Anna and Martin. The story depicts how children can end up in different contexts and provide different conditions in the same preschool depending on what child perspective and ability to adhere to the individual child's needs as the work team and the leading preschool teacher. This difference is highlighted and discussed from an equality perspective that emerges in three research questions: How do the principal and preschoolers interpret the concept of equivalent conditions? How do the principal and the various preschool organizations work to create kindergartens that work for the best of the children and for equal conditions for the children? How do preschool teachers work with this issue in the business? A minor qualitative study has been conducted through interviews with a representative from the principal (municipality), a preschool manager, and two preschool teachers. The purpose has been to seek answers to these questions as well as to give a perspective on the story of Anna and Martin. After reflection and analysis of the informants' responses and by studying what current research says on the subject, it has been found that equivalent terms are a term that contains many factors. This includes skills, education, and financial resources. A key factor that clearly shows that children are offered equal terms is the ability of the teacher to apply practical knowledge. The pedagogue must be able to establish close relationships with the child and respond to the needs of the child. A skill that some have more of than others. However, the social debate and the informants answer that in the development work at preschools, this issue is not prioritized. Instead, the focus is on an increased requirement for learning goals in traditional subjects. The concept of conceptualization is lifted due to the increased demand for learning and the question of what knowledge is essential to lead a rich life. Can there be other values that are more important as the technology society offers tools that make some subjects unnecessary? An analysis based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory shows that the debate about increased learning brings impact from social debate and trends to the activities where it meets the child. However, the impact is perceived to be greater from trend to government and from government to principal but weakened as it comes to preschools and educators in the business. A clearer goal picture and training and support efforts are demanded for both active educators and preschool leaders, but also a salutogenic approach, instead of focusing on shortcomings, building on what's positive and creating upward energy spirals. Networking and educational guidance are seen as effective tools for development processes and the focus should be on supporting the development of educators' relationship-building abilities as well as how the children's individual needs are met.

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