Tillgänglighetsanpassning av byggnader med kulturhistoriskt värde

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Jönköping University/JTH, Byggnadsteknik och belysningsvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Purpose: To make historical buildings accessible implies changes on the buildings. Because of this, problems can occur regarding which requirements that should befollowed. Should the demands regarding preservation or accessibility be followed?Research shows that specific conflicts arise when historical buildings are made accessible. This study investigates the work process and what conflicts that usually a rise between accessibility and historical preservation when adapting historical building. The interaction between vital actors in the industry is also investigated and potential improvements. The purpose is to create material that can be used to guide future research and to examine if there is a possibility to rank accessibility adaptations and cultural-historical values. Method: The method used is a qualitative case study. Information has been collected by literature studies, document reviewing, interviews and site visits. The literature used is a combination of scientific articles, laws, regulations and investigations. The interviews were held with Jönköping’s municipality, county administrative board and the county museum. An expert on accessibility was also interviewed. Documents and drawings regarding the historical building Slottsvillan in Huskvarna have been analyzed. Findings: Three questions were used to answer the report’s purpose. The first question is about the implementations accessibility adaptations potentially have on the historical value. The result was that the value can be affected both positively and negatively. The design and material choices of the adaptations have great significance on the affect. The second question deals with the possibility of ranking accessibility and historical preservation and values. The conclusion was that this is extremely hard and almost impossible. The reason is because every historical building is so unique. The final question investigates if there are possibilities to improve the work process. The answer was that there are multiple areas that can be improved. An example is early consultations and more collaboration between actors. One of the largest issues is described the economic limits and not the conflicting agendas between accessibility and preservation. Implications: The conclusion is that accessibility adaptations are expensive and timeconsuming. With increased collaboration with expert’s, good accessibility adaptationscan be made. Although these may not always fulfil the laws and regulations about accessibility, they can still improve the overall accessibility and should be implemented. It is important to not only follow the accessibility requirements in SS 9142 21:2006 (Swedish Standards Institute [SIS], 2006) that are designed after wheelchairbound disabilities. Other disabilities such as hearing, and sight should also be prioritized and need other solutions. Limitations: The study is limited to the work in Jönköping County. Some parts of the results can still be used in other regions. The analysis on accessibility is limited to certain demands in PBL (The Swedish Planning and Building Act). The historical building chosen is also a hotel and the regulations about hotels have been followed. Keywords: accessibility, accessibility adaptations, historical buildings

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