Lösfynden berättar sin historia - En teknologisk analys av ett ytinsamlat material från Norrjevägen i Kämpinge

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens historia

Sammanfattning: The purpose and goals of this essay is to investigate and explain the Late Mesolithic site at Norrjevägen in Kämpinge from a technological perspective. The foundation of the essay is two private collections of surface finds, found and gathered by Leif Brost, who owns and run the Amber Museum in Kämpinge, and Paul Matsson, amateur archaeologist from Trelleborg. The collections consist of 5331 surface finds from an area north east of Norrjevägen in Kämpinge. Kämpinge is a village located in the south west area of Scania in Southern Sweden. Most of the datable finds (around 94%) are from the Late Mesolithic, Ertebölle period. These artifacts are the main focus in the essay. In this category the key artifacts consists of flake axes and projectile points. Some artifacts are more unusual and perhaps prestigious, such as Limhamnaxes and flat hoes. These artifacts differ from the rest, both in the material they are made out of, but also in the techniques used to manufacture them. The greater part, 4206 of the 5331 artifacts, is a waste flake material from production of flint tools. The analysis is conducted from a technological perspective, where analysis of chaîne opératoires is a considerable part. In order to go in-depth with how flake axes were produced, and to explain the large waste flake material from Norrjevägen, an experiment with manufacture of flake axes was conducted. The results of the experiment explain the chaîne opératoire considering gathering of raw material and the production of flake axes. The flake material from the experiment proves a direct link with the flake material from Norrjevägen in both size, how they look and in technical aspects. Also, some diagnostic flakes were produced in the experiment, such as the wing-flake, which also was found at Norrjevägen. In terms of typology, the collections revealed two new local variations of artifacts; one type of transverse arrowhead and one type of flake axe. These types were compared to existing typologies, such as those by Vang Petersen, Althin, and Montelius, but no match was found. Excavation reports, articles, books and other literature that discuss Late Mesolithic Scanian archaeology were investigated to see if the new local types had been found before. The study proved that at least the transverse arrow head have indeed been found at some West-Scanian locations, but never classified as an own local type. A general discussion about how typology can be misleading when used for dating was conducted. Examples for this are hafted tools and retooling. A few traces of activities were noted when social contexts at the Mesolithic Norrjevägen were examined. These activities are hunting, novice flint knapping and some form of trade. The activities connected to hunting were discovered when macroscopic use-wear on selected transverse arrowheads were examined. The examination of use-wear traces showed traces of impact with different animal parts such as bone and meat. The novice flint knapping activates are shown in some poorly made artifacts, which are obviously not made by experienced flintknappers. The signs of trade are shown in artifacts that somehow don’t belong to the location. An example of this is artifacts made in the South East Danish Falster flint.

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