Hjältar, offer eller helt vanligt folk? - En studie om hur svensk public service-media förhåller sig till funktionsnormen utifrån uppdraget att spegla hela Sverige.
Sammanfattning: Aim of thesis: Many studies, including Ljuslinder (2002), have revealed that disabled peopleare seriously underrepresented in media. The aim of this study is to examine what strategiesSwedish public service-media use to include disabled people in their reporting. Nine peoplewith disabilities also share their experiences and views of representation. The public servicecompanies have, as a result of Swedish legislation, an explicit responsibility to include all thepopulation in their reportingTheoretical framework: The main theories for this study are some relevant notions used inthe discipline of disability studies. Ableism describes prejudice against disabled people,exalting the none-disabled body as the dominant norm. Intersectionality is the crossing wheredifferent social categories such as gender, sexual orientation, religion or disability, affects aperson’s life. An individual can never be reduced to only one of these categories.Methods(s): This study is based on three different methods: an extensive literature study onwhat has been written on this subject before, a study of the policies for equality that are usedat the public service-companies (two of three companies agreed to share their policy, theSwedish radio said no), and finally twelve interviews. The informants are: four disabledpeople, five disabled journalists and three representatives for the public service-companies.The legislation and broadcasting permits for Swedish public service media is also studied.Results: This study indicates that neither the disabled journalists or the other disabledinformants feel like they are included in the content of public service-media. It seems like thecompanies tend to look at disability as something different, not comparative to othercategorizations/discrimination ground such as gender or sexual orientation. Disability issuesneeds to be treated the same way to reach success. Another conclusion of this study is thatthat the issue of disability and inclusion often is regarded as a question of accessibility only.Accessibility is important and must not be dismissed, still the issue of full participation is farmore complex.
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