”Vanliga” kvinnor : en kritisk diskursanalys av den kvinnliga framställningen i kommersiellt syfte

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Högskolan i Borås/Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi; Högskolan i Borås/Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi

Sammanfattning: Advertising and media creates and maintains standardized norms and beauty ideals for how women should look and it is often not realistic or representative of ordinary women. Consumers are now demanding representation of women who differs from the unreachable ideals and show how ordinary women actually look. Despite various companies try to include different types of women, they are met with criticism. It becomes clear that it is difficult for companies to represent ordinary women. Instead of using models to represent “ordinary” women Cellbes has their customers as models. How these women are portrayed and perceived and whether they differ from the traditional portrayal of women in advertising is examined in our study. This is with the aim of examining how "ordinary" women are communicated and understood from a consumer-cultural perspective, based on the commercial female representation that addresses women with "ordinariness" as a selling point.A critical discourse analysis combined with a netnographic case study have been applied as the design of the study. The gathered material consists of advertising images with associated texts and comments as well as a discussion in chat format. The material has been collected through screenshots from Cellbes’ website, Facebook and Instagram as well as from a focus group. The result was thematized from the identified discourses regarding the female representation. The themes identified are the following: solidarity, ambassadors, bodies, age, motherhood, exclusion and the reality effect. Within the various discourses, the result was analyzed and discussed related to previous research and the theoretical framework. "Ordinary" women are portrayed in commercial use with meaning-bearing signs that indicate their "ordinarity". Cellbes establish women in reality by letting their personalities appear in the images. Cellbes portrays “ordinary” women as larger and older than previous norms and ideals, which the viewers of the images appreciate and can partially identify with. To some extent, viewers are still influenced by the traditional portrayal, as they willingly identify themselves with models that are younger than themselves. Cellbes portrays "ordinary" women more deviant than the viewer's perception of ordinary women. In order for the representation to be accepted by the viewers it is necessary to highlight one, different from the traditional portrayal, attribute at a time.

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