En majoritet av minoriteten - En intervjustudie som söker förståelse för den hazariska invandringen till Europa

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Lunds universitet/Statsvetenskapliga institutionen

Sammanfattning: In this thesis I seek to understand why a majority of the Afghans that have migrated to Europe during the last decade belong to the Hazara ethnicity. Reports claim that the situation has improved dramatically for the minority since the fall of Taliban in 2001 and there is currently no legal opportunity for refuge on the basis of ethnicity. The common understanding of security as the major driver for conflict migration consequently seem insufficient. By broadening the security approach and seeking answers in the migration theories of social networks and New Economics of Labour Migration this study enables us to further understand this seemingly enigmatic migration pattern. The method for reaching this understanding is conducting interviews with both Hazaras that have migrated and with a country-of-origin expert. When analyzing the interviews, a multifaceted migration decision becomes apparent. To understand the disproportionate migration pattern, a broader security perspective, encompassing historical traumas and discrimination, along with acknowledging the networks influence as both the cause and facilitator of further migration, is needed. In relating this to the abstract question of why people are migrating, this study promotes the continuing focus on intentions in the migration decisions to comprehend the puzzling migration patterns of the future.

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