En granskning av riskanalyser för byggnadsarbete i projekteringsskedet

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på grundnivå från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och industriell teknik; Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och industriell teknik

Sammanfattning: The following research study examines the risk analysis of a construction project during its design phase and its starting point is work involving heavy prefabricated components or heavy shuttering elements and work in a place or area with passing vehicular traffic. The aim of the research study is to identify faults within risk analyzes and the goal is to be able to recommend improvement measures that can be implemented in practice. The research study was carried out over a period of 10 weeks in collaboration with the construction company Veidekke Entreprenad AB. The basis of the research consists of a literature search, interviews and a survey. Seven interviews have been conducted with officials and professionals, as well as a survey. Internal documents have been reviewed and compiled to describe how Veidekke's risk analysis process works. The study shows that currently, there is a certain problem in the approach of carrying out risk analyzes. Reversing vehicles, narrow spaces and poor visibility are the causes of accidents involving vehicles at construction sites. Clamp injuries are common when handling heavy building elements, as a result of elements tipping and falling over. The study shows that a collaboration between BAS-P and BAS-U, chief safety representative, safety representative and professional workers should be extended to improve risk analyzes. By increasing the production experience of BAS-P, taking advantage of visualization programs, introducing stricter educational requirements, rationalizing risk assessments and introducing clearer regulations from authorities, risk analyzes can be improved and lead to less injuries and accidents at construction sites.

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