Differentierad respektive individualiserad undervisning för högpresterande elever : En studie om lärares attityder till två motsatta undervisningsformer

Detta är en Uppsats för yrkesexamina på avancerad nivå från Karlstads universitet/Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur (from 2013)

Sammanfattning: Teachers frequently meet high-performing students in classrooms. These students can be challenged in different ways. However, this study focuses on how challenge can take place through the teaching methods individualization and differentiation. Teachers' attitudes toward the teaching methods are also examined. Research shows that differentiated teaching captures the different levels of knowledge of the whole group of children, and generates shared learning but at different levels. The attitude among teachers toward this form of teaching is negative, according to previous research. Research also shows that individualized teaching is less suitable for students, as students tend to search for a togetherness that individualization does not provide. Teachers are generally positive toward the individualized teaching method.   The theoretical starting point of the study is the cognitive perspective, where the student's individual abstract thinking is affirmed, while the cognitive conflict is an important part of the students' learning. Another important aspect is what the research says about teachers' use of speech to achieve meaningful learning. The study was conducted using the methods focus group interview and questionnaire. The participating respondents are active teachers in preschool class up to year 3.   The results of the study show that both methods of teaching can be used to reach high-performing students. It appears that teachers' attitudes are more positive towards differentiated teaching than towards individual teaching. An important result is that teachers should not get stuck in only one form of teaching, because then students are disadvantaged.    

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