Independent Project with Specialization in English Studies and Education : Efficient vocabulary acquisition through children’s literature in English preschool and primary school classrooms
Sammanfattning: This study investigates the efficiency of using children’s literature to support English vocabulary acquisition in a first and second language classroom context. Previous research has established that it is important for children to be given the opportunity to expand their basic vocabulary in English during their years in school, in order to assimilate the teaching in the classroom. The knowledge of words is mentioned in the curriculum, for almost all subject areas. Therefore it is of great importance that teachers are aware of factors that affect vocabulary acquisition to support/enable children’s vocabulary development. Results of this study are based on 7 scientific studies that were found through searches in the ERIC database. The synthesis of our study highlighted several significant factors that can affect children's vocabulary acquisition. Our focus was to examine children's literature as a didactic tool along with different working methods and strategies. Through storybook reading, children encounter many new words which has been shown to have a positive effect on all children's vocabulary development. Teaching target words, repeated reading of the story and discussions about vocabulary appeared to be working methods and strategies that benefited vocabulary acquisition. Research highlights that there is a connection between the development of children's vocabulary and the number of instructions and activities that are completed linked to the target words. Based on these results, our concluding reflections highlights the importance of teachers using interaction and storybook reading to support the acquisition of children’s vocabulary. A rich vocabulary gives students the conditions to succeed in school and to function in a democratic society.
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