Ålderism i riktlinjer för äldreomsorgen

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Malmö universitet/Hälsa och samhälle

Sammanfattning: Ageism theory explains how the creation of “old” as different from non-old includes expectations from people identified as of age as having other needs and desires than non-old. Expectations from the surrounding society project the needs of “old” as being more basic, simpler, less refined and culturally demanding as those of non-old, which potentially cause discrimination towards people of age - especially if identified as the stereotypical “senior citizen”, which is associated with fragility, loneliness, resignation, passivity and worries. “Senior citizens” are expected to have numerous basic needs such as home service including cooking and cleaning, personal care related to hygiene and moveability, social stimulation related to isolation and loneliness, and protection against loss of security. At the same time, they are not expected to have needs related to culture, lifestyle, sports, activity, addictions, learning, crime, or sexuality. This study examines if, and how, such expectations influence the guidelines for needs assessment in elderly care in Swedish municipalities. Such guidelines are likely to exist in most municipal elderly care administrations; out of the examined 11 towns, 9 had formally established such guidelines. The method used was text analysis, and results show that needs that may be regarded as ageist expectations make up more than 93% of the contents, while less than 7% can be classified as non-ageist or neutral. The essay highlights the shortcomings of the elderly care in providing adequate interventions as possibly connected to ageist prejudice in the municipal guidelines document through three individual cases.

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