MERO, AYER Y HOY. Análisis semántico desde una perspectiva diacrónica del adjetivo/adverbio mero

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Göteborgs universitet/Institutionen för språk och litteraturer

Sammanfattning: Mero’s polysemy poses a series of questions which find an answer from a diachronicperspective, particularly from the Cognitive Semantics’ point of view. We want to highlighttwo of them: one is the apparent regionalism observed in some meanings. As regionalism inthis case we mean those meaning created and used exclusively in the north part of LatinAmerica. That is to say, el mero mero ‘the boss’ or ya mero ‘almost’ have no obvious relationto ‘simple’ the most used meaning for mero in the whole of the Spanish world. On the otherhand, for those who managed a wider variety of meanings for mero, there is a second problem,that is it’s double capacity in describing the noun negatively as in ‘simple’ or positively as in ‘pure’, ‘exact’ or ‘great’, just to mention some of them. This leads us to wonder; Where allthose meanings come from? and How can mero have so opposite meanings?This study puts forth that some of mero’s meanings that seem recent have roots in the origin oflanguage, which goes further than Latin, in this case in the Hittite language, while othermeanings originate in other well-known meanings.On the other hand, by putting together a diachronic schema, constituted by new and old usesfor mero from different sources like the dictionary and diverse databases as the RAE’s, NOWand CEMC, it becomes possible to locate the phenomenon of the capacity of our adjective todescribe positively or negatively on a timeline and in this way determine the reason for thiscapacity thanks to the contexts provided by the databases that facilitate interpretation.

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