Skyddade träd i kyrklig kulturmiljö : förvaltning av trädens kulturhistoriska värden, biologiska värden och säkerhet
Sammanfattning: Trees, and usually old trees, occur in many cemeteries and are important as they contribute with different values. This work focuses on two of these values, cultural-historical values and biological values as well as safety that is a significant factor in tree management. The fact that trees in cemeteries and their values can be legally protected is also dealt with in this work and how it affects the management or planning of trees in a cultural environment. The purpose of the work has therefore been to find out through a case study whether it is possible to reconcile cultural-historical and biological interests with safety requirements when establishing a tree plan for a cemetery. Sövde cemetery located in Skåne became the location of the case study and is a rural cemetery from 1843. The trees in the cemetery have reached a high age, of which the majority are probably original since the inauguration 176 years ago. A map of the cemetery trees was established to facilitate a tree inventory. The trees at Sövde cemetery were inventoried using 15 inventory parameters from two inventory methods and the results are presented in tabular form. The inventory results state as an example which values trees in cemeteries can have. Conflicts, opportunities and solutions are discussed for the youngest to the oldest trees based on the results and information from the introduction, regarding cultural history, biodiversity and safety. Even new plantings of trees are discussed. The inventory showed that the trees at Sövde cemetery were divided into an avenue, a clump of trees and as solitaries. Only one tree ended up in the highest classification (1) regarding cultural-historical and biological value and safety. Almost all trees ended up in the highest classification (1) for cultural-historical value, that is, Very high cultural-historical value, which was based on both physical and intangible values. The trees were distributed fairly evenly in the lower-higher classifications as well as Resource trees when evaluating their biological values, while at the same time most trees were classified as Particularly valuable trees according to the Swedish EPA definitions. The majority of all trees involved a Low risk to person and property damage and the remaining trees, almost one-third, involved a Moderate risk mainly due to dead and/or loose branches. Preventing and correcting risk factors will help to preserve the different values of the trees in the long term but depending on which tree care method is chosen and which training/certificate the operator has in risk tree management in the future will determine how the different values of the trees are affected. Establishing a sustainable tree structure with varying ages and suitable species is also important to take into account so there is no risk of losing all high values at the same time. By involving professionals in areas such as biology, cultural history and tree care in establishing a tree plan, increases the possibilities of combining cultural-historical and biological interests with safety requirements.
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