Hållbar stadsutveckling? : Problem och målkonflikter i planeringen av Hagastaden och Norra Djurgårdsstaden i Stockholm
The major environmental problems that we have today are frequently mentioned in the media today. One example is the ongoing debate regarding global warming and its causes and consequences. There are also several other problems in our society such as segregation and social tensions. Most agree that we must do something to solve these problems and that we must try to achieve a sustainable development for the entire planet. But how should it actually be done and what trade-offs, compromises, sacrifices and changes must be made?
The purpose of this paper is to examine how these issues are being dealt with in Swedish city planning. Which principles and objectives are being applied to achieve a sustainable development? Are the ambitions of the planners sufficient? And above all – which problems and conflicts of goals appear when they try to put the ideas of sustainable development into practice.
To answer these questions I have conducted a case study of two current city development projects in Stockholm. For these two projects, several planning documents have been examined and analyzed. Based on this analysis I have conducted interviews with a responsible urban planner from each project and subsequently analyzed and evaluated the results. The main conclusions are that it is very difficult for the municipality to develop new housing for low-income earners in the inner city. The planners have no real tools to solve this issue that adds to segregation in the society. Furthermore, there is a major conflict between the aim to develop good public spaces and the municipalitys and the private operators economic interest in exploiting as much of the buildable land as possible.
English title: Sustainable urban development? Problems and conflicts of aims in the planning of Hagastaden and Norra Djurgårdsstaden in Stockholm
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