Hur kan vi lösa det på hemmaplan? : En kvalitativ fallstudie om elva kommuners alternativ till placeringar av barn och ungdomar
Sammanfattning: The aim of this study was to examine how social services work with home-based solution which aim to replace residential care for children and youth. Furthermore, our intention was to see how social services argue for the interventions through policy documents and interviews. The data consisted of policy documents from eleven municipalities and two interviewees with three professionals. The result of the study was processed through a qualitative content analysis and was analysed in relation to previous research, systems theory and institutional theory. The study presented that social services strive to replace placements with other alternatives at home. Interventions, such as home-based solutions and qualified home-based care and family-oriented methods was central in the study. The analysis of the collected material resulted in three approaches to the case “alterative to placements”: home care, efficiency and eclecticism. Furthermore, it showed that home-based solutions develop in order to receive more financial gains. On the other hand, there is also an uncertainty in the way the interventions should be implemented since they are under process. One conclusion is that it is ambiguous whether home-based solutions aim to replace institutional care or if they apply as supplementary intervention for children and youth. Regardless, the municipalities described that they want to develop comprehensive home-based solutions that enable the child to grow up in his or her home environment, if not for the rights of the child and for the parents, for a sustainable social service.
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