The European Energy Policy
Sammanfattning: At the turn of the century a new situation on the international energy market emerged and the European Union is now facing a growing number of energy challenges. Climate change, import dependency, growing global competition for energy supplies and increasing risks of energy supply disruptions has made energy security the dominant element of European energy policy. The demand for a common European approach on energy has consistently been rising. However, the EU has difficulties to form a European energy policy, evident by the increasing number of infringement proceedings and the sustained fragmentation of the European energy markets. These developments show that there are considerably diverging perceptions of energy security in the EU. This thesis analyzes the development of the European energy policy between 2004 and 2010 and how energy security has been perceived in the EU. By using qualitative frame analysis to study official documents from the three main institutions, the Commission, the European Parliament and the European Council, the study identifies seven divergent frames of energy security within the EU. Finally, a discussion of the analysis shows that the different branches of new institutionalism offer important insights in explaining the institutions’ framing of energy security.
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