Riskhantering i IT-projekt : En kvalitativ studie om arbetsmetoder
Many organizations today work in projects, a method of organizing work to provide a clearer focus on goals and more control of every aspect of the assignment. A project is, simply put, a plan to achieve a specific result. In turn, project management means to use various tools and methods to facilitate and streamline the effort towards achieving the goal with the project.
Risk management is the activity that refers to finding, identifying and quantify different types of risks and take appropriate action towards reducing or eliminating these risks to the extent possible. With increased use of projects as a method of working the demands for managing risks better become stronger. The question that this thesis tried to answer was: “What kind of risks does the IT industry think are linked to their projects and in what way does these companies manage these risks?”
Among the project leaders interviewed, the authors could see a great variation in lines of thought and values regarding the importance of risk management and how risk management should be handled. Some interesting observations were made and certain important areas have been brought into the spotlight.
The authors saw that risk management among the IT companies was handled very differently from each other. The variation can be due to the sizes in projects or due to the size of the companies. What the authors have observed shows that most of the companies have a common attitude towards the importance of risk management and are usually very structured in their work with risk management. The authors believes this to be a sign that risk management in IT projects is being taken more seriously now than before and believe that this trend will continue towards more well planned and well structured risk management in the IT industry.
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