En diskursanalytisk studie om hur kvinnor konstrueras i svenska våldtäktsdomar före och efter Metoo
Sammanfattning: In 2020, a total of 25 000 sexual crimes were reported in Sweden. Rape crimes have increased by a total of 43 percent since 2011. A contributing reason for this increase might be that the propensity to report these kinds of crimes has changed. A phenomenon that may have had an impact on the propensity to report sexual crimes is the Metoo movement. The Metoo movement emphasizes that sexual abuse and harassment is an international problem that can manifest itself in a variety of ways. However, the extent to which this mass media phenomenon has actually shaped and changed general societal perceptions about sexual crimes is still uncertain. Based on a gender theoretical approach the aim of the study has been to investigate and problematize how female plaintiffs are constructed in Swedish rape verdict and which consequences this might have for women, as well as to examine what similarities and differences there are regarding the portraitation pre versus post Metoo. To do this, we have with the help of discourse analysis analyzed 16 rape verdicts where eight verdicts are from before Metoo and eight verdicts are from after. The main results of the study showed five different discourses regarding the construction of the woman, “the woman as an object”, “the woman as subordinate”, “the woman as less worth”, “the woman as worthy of protection” and “the woman as non-worthy of protection”. Regarding the construction of the woman post Metoo, we found that some of the distinctive discourses were challenged which we emphasized can be an effect of the Metoo movement.
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