Kartläggning av intensivvårdspatienters sömn och faktorer som kan påverka sömn

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Uppsala universitet/Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning:

Sleep has a recreating, health promotive and regenerative function. Research shows that intensive care patients suffer from sleep deprivation and bad sleep quality with considerable negative consequences.

The aim of the report was to examine how much nocturnal sleep patients without ventilator treatment get and to observe factors that may influence sleep.

Methods: An observation chart was used to collect data. The staff’s observation of the patients’ night sleep and estimated nocturnal noise- and light levels in the patients’ rooms were documented. The patients’ answers to questions about pain and possible causes for their awakenings were noted. The staff documented also their own perception of what could have awakened the patient, plus the use of ear plugs, sleep medication and sedatives.

Results: The results show that patients at CIVA have too short nocturnal sleep.

Furthermore their sleep is fragmented and there are few sleep periods of 90 minutes or longer, which means that the sleep structure is disturbed.

The results show also that there is room for improvement work at CIVA concerning factors which may influence the patients’ nocturnal sleep.

Conclusions: Patients at CIVA have too short and fragmented night sleep.

Efforts to promote the patients night sleep should be intensified.

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