Våldsutsatta kvinnors upplevelser av sjukvården : En litteraturöversikt

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Ersta Sköndal högskola/Institutionen för vårdvetenskap; Ersta Sköndal högskola/Institutionen för vårdvetenskap

Sammanfattning: Background: Violence against women carried out by a partner with whom they have a close relationship is a major problem in our society.  Here, violence is defined as a violent act of a physical, psychological or sexual nature. The violent act carried out against the woman inflicts injury and suffering, regardless of whether the act of violence is committed publicly or at home. When a woman is subjected to violence by a person with whom she has a close relationship, a gradual normalization process takes place. This means that the woman gradually starts to accept acts of abuse and assault that she previously would never have tolerated. Literature on experiences made by health workers show that there is not sufficient guidance and guidelines for health workers on how to best treat women who have been subjected to violence. Violence against women leads to significant costs to society. An estimation puts the annual cost at around 2,7 to 3,3 billion Swedish Krona (SEK). However, it is difficult to assess the exact sum, as women due to fear and the normalization process of abuse, not always state the true reason for seeking health care and treatment.     Aim: The purpose was to examine abused women’s experiences of health care.     Method: The literary review was conducted in accordance with the Friberg method (2012). Our work is based on ten scientific articles. We have used the Cinahl Complete and PubMed databases in our research. The articles have been analysed and the quality has been controlled.     Results: The result of our literary review has been presented in four different categories: The significance of confirmation; When violence is ignored; Women’s feelings of guilt, shame and abandonment; and The significance of the environment and surroundings.     Discussion: The result has been discussed with Katie Eriksson’s care theory as a starting point, along with some of her concepts of consensus: suffering, the individual and health. Women subjected to abuse experienced flawed and deficient health care. The health workers’ lack of knowledge of violence in close relationships also meant that abused women were not viewed from a holistic perspective by the health workers.    

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