Effekter av nya PBL : En studie av processen från handläggning av bygglovsansökan till slutbesked
It has now passed two years since the new site- and construction law, PBL, went into force. It replaced the previous PBL applicable since 1987, and it involves relatively large changes in many different areas of the construction sector. The ambitions of the new law are for instance to simplify and clarify the legal text, increase efficiency in the permitting processes and improve the quality of construction. To achieve this, a variety of changes was made. Some of the most important are: inserted deadline in the processing of building applications, extended assessment of building applications, revised rules about controlplan and quality manager, a certificate is required to start and end the project, an additional meeting is inserted and the construction management of the municipalities will have to do a mandatory visit at the work scene. The objective of this thesis has been to examine what effects have occurred due to the introduction of the new PBL. To find that out, a literature study and a series of interviews have been made. To additional support, and clearly show the specific effects, a comparison between two projects has been done. The result shows that a variety of effects has occurred. Overall, it has been found that the new law demands more resources from the construction management of the municipalities, mostly due to an increased amount of administration and additional tasks. An estimation is that the new law means an additional burden of 25 percent. Other effects are that some municipalities have difficulties in meeting the deadline in the process of building applications, that the revised rules for quality manager have caused shortcomings, and that the need of a certificate to start and end projects has resulted in an increased clearness in the building process. It has also been found that the new law contains certain ambiguities. Of course, it is difficult to see the effects after only two years, and it remains to be seen how these unfolds.
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