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Detta är en Master-uppsats från Umeå universitet/Institutionen för psykologi

Författare: Oscar Hildingsson; [2016]

Nyckelord: ;


Human beings have different ways of relating, and giving meaning to their past, present and future. We exhibit different patterns of time perspective, which is assumed to be a relatively stable part of our personality, however still shaped by our experiences. Time perspective has been associated with a wide range of psychological modes of being. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationship between time perspective and sleep, which also has a well-documented impact on our psychological well being. To this end two validated instruments were availed to assess sleep quality and time perspective: Karolinska Sleep Questionaire and Swedish Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, respectively. The study included 219 participants that were randomly selected from an older population (60-90 years old). The result showed a significant relationship between three of the S-ZTPI subscales (PN, FN and to a lesser degree PF) and sleep quality. The interpretation of these findings was that a negative attitude towards the past and worry regarding the future was strongest linked to poor sleep quality, with worry regarding the future also having a direct significant impact on sleep quality. The result of the present study displayed startling differences compared to a transatlantic study that explored the relationship between sleep and time perspective in a sample of American college students. These differences are pondered upon in the discussion and serves as testament of the importance of the present study ,which also points in new directions for future studies.

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