Rätten till personlig integritet efter grov brottslighet - En kvalitativ studie om synen på rättvisa när sexualförbrytare beviljas skyddad identitet
Sammanfattning: In media today, sex offenders are often described as horrible, monstrous people and are frequently faced with hatred, sometimes in the form of threats of violence. Threats like these can result in sex offenders getting granted identity confidentiality, which has led to a public outrage. Is it fair that high risk sex offenders, who destroyed the life of innocent victims, are getting help from the authorities to stay hidden? Should they be able to disguise their past in order to move on with their lives when their victims cannot? Public reflections like these are the starting point of this essay. The aim of the study is to investigate the phenomenon identity confidentiality for high risk sex offenders from a perspective of justice. This form of identity protection is usually associated with traditional victims, and not convicted criminals. The conflict of being both a victim and a convicted criminal is therefore discussed in the thesis. In order to gather knowledge about the topic, qualitative interviews with relevant authorities were made and data from newspapers, blogs and other social media were collected, to understand the public opinion. The material was mainly analyzed through the perspective of justice and the stigmatization of the offender. The study shows that the protection of personal data can facilitate the reintegration of convicted criminals, but it can also be used as a way of exploiting the secrecy to commit other crimes. The authorities’ perspective on justice is to follow their duties and maintain legal certainty. The public view, on the other hand, differs and aims its main focus on the principle of retribution in these matters. Whether the protection is considered as just or not depends on the observer’s attitude towards the former perpetrator. The authorities can look past the label “criminal”, in their decision making, unlike the public. Justice is a subjective matter and can be perceived in multiple ways in order to fit into the individual’s perspective.
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