Konstruktion av lyftverktyg : Lyftverktyg till L-stöd för enklare hantering
Sammanfattning: The company Falcken Forshaga are manufacturing lifting tools for the steel, paper and concrete industry. The company wants a lifting tool for L-supports which they want to be able to sell to the concrete industry. The reason for this is that todays ways of lifting and rotation of the supports are done by slings which are time consuming to use because the process is done in multiple steps. The reason why the supports are rotated is because they are casted lying down and are transported standing up which means that the supports needs to be lifted and then rotated. The purpose of this project is to simplify the process between casting and transport as well as learn to work on a project at a company. The goal of the work is to design a lifting tool which follows the requirements set by Falcken for the lifting tool and so it can gain CE-mark in the future. To design a lifting tool the product development process was used as it best fits this project. The work started with status analysis to be able to study the steps which occur in the process today from casting to transport. This is today made possible in three steps lift, rotation and movement to make it ready for transportation. A project plan was developed where the project was divided into different parts with goals to always have something to work against which brings the work forward. A risk analysis over the project was constructed at the beginning to analyze potential risks with the aim to minimize them. The biggest risk that was analyzed was that the project will become delayed, to counter this the project plan needs to be up to date as well as to get help if in need. The next step in the process is to list all the specifications and requests from Falcken and summarize them to be able to generate concepts. A second risk analysis was made to analyze the potential risks with or around the lifting tool during lift where the biggest risks is those who involve people getting injured and are the most important to minimize. To generate the concepts the 6-3-5-method was used and resulted in five different concepts which was analyzed further and filtered through an elimination matrix where the best concept was selected. The concept that was chosen and was designed in Autodesk Inventor was a support arm lift which locks in the sides of the L-support and has beams which run along the sides of the support and in underneath the lower edge of the support with plates. The tool is designed to lift in front of the center of gravity of the support which means that when the support is lifted the whole thing will rotate by itself which means that the steps from casting to transport will be done in one step instead of three. To ensure the strength of the construction it is calculated against safety factor of three as well as it is controlled with a FEM-analyze in Creo parametric 5 and inventor 2019 on details with are too complicated to calculate by hand. The tool which was designed meets all the requirement that was set but to achieve a tool which is sellable and is CE-marked more risks must be analyzed according to SS-EN ISO 12100:2010 and its life span has to be calculated via fatigue calculations as well as it must be manufactured and tested.
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