Äldrevänlig stadsplanering i Stockholms stad

Detta är en Master-uppsats från KTH/Urbana och regionala studier

Författare: Emma Höglund; [2019]

Nyckelord: age - friendly cities; urban planning; WHO; Stockholm;

Sammanfattning: Cities are facing a major demographic change where the proportion of older people isexpected to increase. This has drawn attention to the need to make cities more age-friendly,and thus promote health, independence and the active lives of the elderly. In 2010, theWorld Health Organization (WHO) created a global network for age-friendly cities andcommunities with the aim of spreading knowledge and information about how to betteradapt cities for older people. Stockholm is one of many cities that have now joined thenetwork and thus committed to making the city more age-friendly. The aim of this thesis hastherefore been to investigate how Stockholm can plan to become an age-friendly city basedon the WHO guidelines and the age-friendly planning processes in other cities.First, a literature study of articles concerning other cities’ age-friendly work was made.Based on this literature study, a theoretical framework was developed around the themesthat emerged as particular important regarding age-friendly planning. The theories werecollaborative planning, institutional capacity and integrated planning. Furthermore, studiesof documents dealing with the future development of Stockholm City were conducted toexamine the elderly perspective in these. Finally, interviews with municipal officials andpoliticians were made to get a deeper understanding of how the cities age-friendly planninglooks today.The study’s results indicate that Stockholm has good opportunities to plan for an agefriendlycity, while there are still several obstacles to overcome. The city’s strengths are thedesire to become more age-friendly, which is evidenced by political support and a givenbudget, as well as the recognition of the importance of including the urban planning office.However, some of the obstacles that remain are the lack of cross-sectorial collaboration(between the urban planning office and the elderly administration office), that the elderlyadministration office comes in too late in urban planning processes, and that the needs ofthe elderly have long been adopted through the accessibility perspective only. The studyends with a number of solutions to help overcome these obstacles.

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