“PROMOTING OUR EUROPEAN WAY OF LIFE” A case of newly arrived refugees participation in the establishment program in the municipality of Mark – Sweden
Sammanfattning: This thesis presents an interpretation of the EU’s utilisation of norms through the establishment program for regular immigrants. The focus and interest are on newly arrived quota refugees in the Swedish municipality of Mark. Through the paradigm of norm diffusion, one can understand European norms and how they are used to attain set goals. Furthermore, the concept of spillover is also helpful in comprehending the EU’s usage of norms as an integrative mechanism or tool. This study underlines the importance of understanding the purpose and design of specific norms and their diffusion patterns.One way to comprehend how effective the EU is in using its policies to reflect and promote a European way of life is by looking at the establishment program for newly arrived quota refugees. This thesis has taken a closer look at the collaboration between the EU and its member state – Sweden, at a municipal level. The latter has used legislation to facilitate involvement and engagement in the norm diffusion process with the establishment program as its channel. Such legislations have proven to be effective in diffusing European norms to designated target groups. Through effective promulgation, the EU and MS work together to ensure the diffusion of European norms.On the other hand, the available choices to newly arrived quota refugees other than participating in the program are minimal. The effect of the establishment program as a channel for diffusing European norms and values portrays the efficiency of the EU as a norm entrepreneur. The analysis of the data collected with the help of qualitative research design suggests the need for better social communication. Such a platform will pave the way for all affected by the norm diffusion processes to feel more actively included in the program. Also, the data indicates that for the newly arrived and municipality, the process of norm diffusion can become a win-win scenario. It will require, among other things, for participants, especially norm-takers, to perceive their involvement as being voluntary rather than compulsory.
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