Integrering av estetiska uttrycksformer i kärnämnen matematik och modersmål : En jämförande studie av en svensk och en rysk lärare
The aim of my examination work was to compare and research how russian respective swedish teachers make use of educational aesthetic methods such as drawing, drama, music and dance in the teaching of core school subjects – mathematics and swedish respective russian languages. The aim of this work was to find out which of these methods are used by pedagogues in the process of education and on what level are they integrated into the theoretical pedagogic work. The point was to also analyse the regulation documents used as pedagogical base in schools i've been doing my survey in. This was done to partly find out what arts perspective is given in the curriculum and partly to see what pieces of it are reflected in the process of education. I compared the pedagogic organisation and methods practiced in the classes I've researched. That helped to get the whole picture and possible image of overall students' performance.
The questions I used as core:
• What aesthetic forms of expression are used by teachers in the process of education?
• On what level are they integrated into the theoretical work?
• What support to the art perspective is given in the curriculum?
Secondary question that helped me to clarify the answers was:
• What parts of curriculum are reflected in the education process?
My survey was built on a qualitative research method, that included my own observations and interviews with teachers in both Russian and Swedish schools.Summing up, I've learned that aesthetic forms of expression used by the russian teacher were: drawing, drama, dance and music. These methods integrate with mathematics and russian on different levels.The aesthetic forms of expression used by the swedish teacher are drawing, usually integrated with mathematics and language subjects, and music, used mostly in swedish lessons. The comparison of methods and organisation lined out great difference between how the learning proccess is organised by the russian and the swedish teachers. The bad part here is that it can influence pupils' performance, according to PISA studies.To sum up, I've come to a conclusion that the swedish curriculum is more supportive and contains more concrete examples on how the learning process should be organised, taking into account the art perspective, compared to the russian learning plan, that lack the art perspective for the major part.
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