Detection of side-channel attacks targeting Intel SGX
Sammanfattning: In recent years, trusted execution environments like Intel SGX have allowed developers to protect sensitive code inside so called enclaves. These enclaves protect its code and data even in the cases of a compromised OS. However, SGX enclaves have been shown to be vulnerable to numerous side-channel attacks. Therefore, there is a need to investigate ways that such attacks against enclaves can be detected. This thesis investigates the viability of using performance counters to detect an SGX-targeting side-channel attack, specifically the recent Load Value Injection (LVI) class of attacks. A case study is thus presented where performance counters and a threshold-based detection method is used to detect variants of the LVI attack. The results show that certain attack variants could be reliably detected using this approach without false positives for a range of benign applications. The results also demonstrate reasonable levels of speed and overhead for the detection tool. Some of the practical limitations of using performance counters, particularly in an SGX-context, are also brought up and discussed.
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