Tillskott av hydrauleffekt från traktorns kraftuttagsaxel : Konceptstudie av externa pumpar för såmaskiner

Detta är en Master-uppsats från Linköpings universitet/Fluida och mekatroniska system; Linköpings universitet/Fluida och mekatroniska system

Sammanfattning: This is a master thesis from Linköpings University with an emphasis on mobile working hydraulic systems. This thesis was conducted at and in collaboration with Väderstad AB with the premise to make it easier for smaller tractor’s and tractor’s with small hydraulic pumps installed to drive bigger and more advanced planters. The seed machine Spirit and the precision planter Tempo have been studied with focus on the fertilizer fan and augers. The machines are dragged behind a tractor and a rehydraulically powered from the tractor’s built in hydraulic pump. The project covers a study of concepts with the aim to expand the hydraulic capacity by installing a pump which is driven by the tractor’s power take-off. The goal was to present different solutions for how the concepts could be designed. The different concepts were compared and evaluated from a performance, energy efficiency and economic perspective. The purpose of this concept study was to present a solution which through further development can be suggested as an addonoption for customers with smaller tractors. This thesis contains a theorysection where mobile hydraulic systems, tractor’s and the above-named seed machine and planter are treated. The concepts are based on the theory and a method for generating and creating concepts is described. All concepts are studied in the simulation software Hopsan. Reference systems based on the current design of the planters were modelled in Hopsan together with disturbances. The models were validated through different experimental tests and were later used to evaluate the concepts. Through the concept study eleven different concepts had to undergo the tests in order to see how they deal with disturbances and how well they can achieve the goals. The ability to obtain a predetermined rotational speed for the fan and to do it with high efficiency at a low cost was considered as essential performance for this project. The concepts with closed-loop control proved to be the best from a performance perspective. Systems with pumps with variable displacement had the highest efficiency and the concepts with fixed displacement pumps are the most inexpensive alternatives. As a result of a display of variation of performance in different areas a model where the customers themselves can choose which parameters are important was made. The model, together with the input from the customers, can then present the concept which is the most suitable for the task.

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