A Multi-Target Graph-Constrained HMM Localisation Approach using Sparse Wi-Fi Sensor Data
Sammanfattning: This thesis explored the possibilities of using a Hidden Markov Model approach for multi-target localisation in an urban environment, with observations generated from Wi-Fi sensors. The area is modelled as a network of nodes and arcs, where the arcs represent sidewalks in the area and constitutes the hidden states in the model. The output of the model is the expected amount of people at each road segment throughout the day. In addition to this, two methods for analyzing the impact of events in the area are proposed. The first method is based on a time series analysis, and the second one is based on the updated transition matrix using the Baum-Welch algorithm. Both methods reveal which road segments are most heavily affected by a surge of traffic in the area, as well as potential bottleneck areas where congestion is likely to have occurred.
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