Synergier vid företagsförvärv : En studie av mindre börsnoterade bolag om synergier efter företagsförvärv
Sammanfattning: Introduction Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) is the process of acquiring or disposing of a company, a part of a business or a specific asset within a company. M&A allows companies to rapidly increase their growth and size to develop faster compared to organic growth. M&A is a hot market and the trends are pointing upwards. Due diligence is a method of reviewing the company and acts as an aid to the buyer. In order to achieve synergies, that is the combined value of the companies are 1+1=3, there are several pieces of the puzzle that need to fall into place. This is explored in this paper. The purpose The purpose of this study is to describe and explain how potential synergies can be realized after Swedish business acquisitions. Method The method that is used is to compare empirical data collected in the form of a dataset with empirical data from 7 qualitative interviews. Then to investigate what the common factors are for a successful M&A but also to learn from key informants' own reflections on less successful acquisitions. This is carried out using an abductive research approach that acts as an interaction between empirical data and theory. Conclusion The conclusions presented in this study are that about two thirds of all mergers fail to realize synergies in short term. Further, that the success factors in Swedish M&A are, for example, a prior relationship between the companies, a well-planned integration plan, and evaluation of the acquired company's culture.
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