TECHNICAL DEBT OCH MINDRE MJUKVARUFÖRETAG En fallstudie om hur technical debt kan appliceras på mindre mjukvaruföretag

Detta är en Kandidat-uppsats från Institutionen för tillämpad informationsteknologi

Sammanfattning: Cunningham presented his idea of technical debt in 1992. Recently the term has seen an increase in attention from both the industry and academia. Today it is esti-mated that the global IT debt is around 500 billion dollars and continuing to climb. Technical debt in its essence is the act of taking shortcuts in software development that allows you to focus your resources on the core processes. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the research surrounding technical debt by studying how technical debt can be applied to smaller software development firms’ decision mak-ing and the results that come with it. This leads to the research question “How can technical debt be used to describe smaller software development firms’ decision making and the results that come with it?”. To answer the research question four interviews were held at a smaller software development firm in Sweden. The pur-pose of the interviews was to get an understanding for how they worked when de-veloping their product. The answers from the interview were analyzed together with a theoretical framework on technical debt to gain knowledge on why compa-nies took on technical debt, what form of technical debt, and what the result was. This study found that smaller companies have a strong use of prioritization where focus lies on processes that generate new functionality to the user. They postpone problems that the user can’t see. Doing so to generate income to the busi-ness since they do not have the same capital larger firms do. The study shows that it is possible to apply a theoretical framework for technical debt on smaller devel-opment firms to describe their way of working.

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